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Received: 13 September, 2017
Accepted: 3 January, 2018
Online: 23 January 2018
H. Editor: F. Laufek
 
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Original Paper

Jakub Plášil, Pavel Škácha, Jiří Sejkora, Radek Škoda, Milan Novák, František Veselovský, Jan Hloušek

Babánekite, Cu3(AsO4)2 ∙ 8H2O, from Jáchymov, Czech Republic - a new member of the vivianite group

Journal of Geosciences, volume 62 (2017), issue 4, 261 - 270

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3190/jgeosci.248



Babánekite, Cu3(AsO4)2∙8H2O, a new member of the vivianite group was found in material originating from the Geister vein, Rovnost mine, Jáchymov, Western Bohemia, Czech Republic. It occurs as a supergene alteration mineral in association with members of the lindackerite supergroup (veselovskýite, hloušekite, pradetite and lindackerite), lavendulan, gypsum and an X-ray amorphous Cu-Al-Si-O-H phase. Crystals of babánekite are pinkish to peach-colored, elongated, prismatic and up to 2 mm in length. They exhibit the forms {010}, {100}, {110}, {101} and less frequently also {001}. Crystals are transparent to translucent with a vitreous luster. The mineral has a light pinkish streak. Estimated Mohs hardness is between 1.5 and 2. The cleavage is perfect on {010}. The calculated density is 3.192 g/cm3. Electron-microprobe analysis yielded CoO 8.89, NiO 4.06, CuO 15.31, ZnO 10.87, P2O5 0.16, As2O5 39.79, SO3 0.13, H2O 24.78 (calc.), total 103.99 wt.% yielding the empirical formula (Cu1.12Zn0.78Co0.69Ni0.32)Σ2.91[(AsO4)2.01(PO4)0.01(SO4)0.01]Σ2.03∙8H2O based on 16 O apfu. The ideal end-member formula of babánekite is Cu3(AsO4)2 ∙8H2O, which requires CuO 38.95, As2O5 37.52, H2O 23.53, total 100.00 wt.%. Babánekite is monoclinic, C2/m, with a = 10.1729(3), b = 13.5088(4), c = 4.7496(1) Å, β = 105.399(2)°, V = 629.28(3) Å3 and Z = 2. The eight strongest X-ray powder diffraction lines are [dobs Å(I)(hkl)]: 7.936(11)(110), 6.743(100)(020), 3.231(14)(13-1), 2.715(11)(041), 2.3331(10)(15-1), 2.0819(5)(350), 1.6862(16)(080) and 1.6107(4)(55-1). The crystal structure of babánekite, refined to R1 = 2.18 % for 864 unique observed reflections, confirmed that the atomic arrangement is similar to other members of the vivianite group of minerals. The mineral is named for Ing. František Babánek (1836-1910), Czech mining and geological expert, who worked in the Jáchymov and Příbram mines.

Journal of Geosciences, Published by © Czech Geological Society, with support from the Czech Geological Survey.
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ISSN: 1802-6222

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